What are Decentralized Applications (dApps) and How Do They Work?

The crypto market is definitely a very rich space booming with certain opportunities that are not present on financial markets other than the crypto market because of a serious element of congestion of these opportunities and too many people already milking that cow, leaving nothing for the beginners.

The crypto market, on the other hand, is proposing various endeavors and welcomes investors and random users to take part in those wonderful opportunities should they wish to make a fortune for themselves or a steady path to a perpetual income.

You might have heard about cryptocurrencies or tokens that work in a decentralized fashion having a proper blockchain medium for their proper validation; these blockchains are used in conducting transactions and recording data in real time.

Crypto Market Offers Multiple Investment Products

Bitcoin is the flagship cryptocurrency of the crypto market and is followed by various other altcoins, former cryptocurrencies that came after Bitcoin are known as the altcoins. You can buy these tokens at a reasonable price, especially if the market is under, and sell them when the market is soaring high with new price bumps and all-time highs for those potential tokens.

This is a direct investment that you make in an entity that is completely decentralized only to sell them off when the market is flourishing; on the other hand, you can buy these tokens and then stick them into a definitive mining pool which will help you to earn a side income on those tokens while they remain implemented in a certain scheme for a potential period of time.

It means that you won’t be able to withdraw those tokens, and your investment will be fixed for the foreseeable future.

Non-fungible tokens are the digital counterparts of physical art which are extremely significant among investors these days; other than that; you have the opportunity to try out an exchange-traded fund or an ETF, which allows you to have an indirect exposure to the crypto market while making sure that your investment remains potentially secure and then there are decentralized or distributed apps otherwise denoted as DApps.

Introduction to Decentralized Applications (dApps)

Distributed apps or decentralized apps are software or computer programs that run from a cloud computing platform put in charge of distributing those apps among users who might want to interact with them at a certain point in the future.

These apps are termed as distributed because of the fact that multiple nodes are taking part in providing the necessary computing throughput required for the proper functioning of the app itself.

It means that there isn’t a master server over a proper cloud computing channel where this software is located, and all the changes are taking place from that centralized space; the whole thing is decentralized, and that is what separates it from the conventional modes of software and computer programs.

These distributed systems are actually able to operate using a blockchain network, and there they are able to communicate with each other in a proper manner while trying to accomplish a task or executing a specific command.

Difference Between Centralized and Decentralized Apps

Centralized apps, on the other hand, use a dedicated system for the sake of achieving or executing a task that was earlier assigned to it, but the working of distributed apps is completely different.

There is no single dedicated server that is in charge of not only the maintenance of the app but also its execution and taking care of all the requests that the network is receiving from the users who want to connect with the app or use it.

Therefore both the allotted space and the processing power required to properly run that distributed app are actually itself is distributed among multiple devices.

This decentralized approach makes these distributed apps less prone to cyber-attacks, and also, there isn’t a single point of failure that could be determined by a hacker or cybercriminal to undermine the system because there are thousands of nodes that are controlling the app and for the app to go down about 51% of these nodes need to be compromised which is an extremely challenging task right next to being impossible.

As stated earlier, it is the blockchain technology that is in charge of running these apps and making sure that their nature, as well as a use case, remains completely decentralized; these are not only built on those blockchain systems but deployed on them as well but if need be these apps could be run from a proper cloud-based platform which would eventually mitigate the decentralized nature of these apps making them centralized entities.

Working Mechanism of Decentralized Applications

If there is one thing that you need to understand about distributed apps, it is the fact that the whole assembly is taking place in a completely decentralized fashion.

There are no centralized servers, people are interacting with the app through a cluster of multiple nodes which are indeed communicating with each other to develop a mainnet for this app, and it is nothing more than a platform where people collaborate with each other, share their ideas and coordinate on certain tasks whichever they might be in order provide the app with necessary computing throughput for the tasks to get completed.

The most common configuration of a decentralized application takes place on the client-server networks where the computer of the user is able to access the information right from the server or the cloud computing equipment put into place as a host for this app or service.

There are some people who are known as node validators; as discussed earlier, these are the people who are actually validating requests that the network is receiving in a consistent fashion, this personnel has a distributed position across the entirety of the network, and they have either been given same or different tasks which need to be completed in a given time frame.

Let’s take the example of an e-commerce platform to better understand the roles of different people involved in the operation and how stuff gets done. Suppose a single node or cluster of nodes are responsible for communicating emails about special offers to the present customer base; they don’t have any other job except that this is the first node type.

A second department, on the other hand, has a job title that includes drafting a list of multiple customers along with their purchase history so that some kind of insight could be drawn from them, and this personnel could be targeted with ads to make them buy more.

Helping people who are new to the e-commerce platform to set up their accounts and troubleshoot any and all problems that they are having at the moment with their account registration is another task provided to a completely different node.

Delegating the payment streams or methods that are available at the checkout is another aspect that a specific user or set of them would be able to delegate being the node operations on the set e-commerce platform.

Last but not least, a similar cluster of nodes could be given the responsibility of talking with people, users, and customers and troubleshooting any and all problems that they are having with their purchasing, kind of a customer support scenario but completely decentralized.

Now, this is where it gets exciting; each and every task mentioned above is carried out by a single or multiple node operator out there, and not only are they carrying out these tasks assigned to them, but they are in consistent communication with each other to make sure that customers don’t have to worry about any aspect of the E-commerce platform at all.

Other than that, another deal with this whole scenario is that customers are able to buy the product which they think is beneficial for them while receiving the absolute best customer support that any e-commerce platform out there has to offer.

Application of Decentralized Applications in Blockchain-Based Networks

Most of the blockchain environments out there are being used by a plethora of cryptocurrencies. While in reality, these actually utilize the principles of distributed apps to able to maintain a rather significant and efficient digital element.

It puts away the conventional client-server network principle, which is being adopted right now by various centralized organizations, and it replaces this conventional system with a peer-to-peer network that is distributed among multiple nodes working from various corners of the globe.

These blockchains do serve as a storage space for all the transactions and particular information related to them taking place on the network, and not only this, but this information is also shared by all the pertaining validators of the network.

These validators have their own particular nodes, and each and every one of them acts as an administrator for that particular cryptocurrency, and they have joined the network voluntarily, allocating their processing power to execute multiple tasks and transactions within the marketplace for an opportunity to receive rewards in that specific cryptocurrency if they are able to validate a particular transaction.

Each and every node contains a duplicate copy of a transaction that is either being validated or has been validated a long time ago and was subjected to a definitive block; not only this, but they have all the information when it comes to transactions dating all the way back to the genesis block. This data or information that each and every node is carrying is like a backup.

Suppose there is an outage where the validating nodes are just disappearing because of the fact that interest has been lost in serving that particular crypto network or due to some other technical issue; what of the transactions that they helped in validating? Would the data disappear with them too?

No, the data remains intact across the entirety of these validating nodes for such an abominable scenario if it chooses to present itself in the future.

Whatever entry a node has on the blockchain media, so does every other node serving the same network; not only this, but all the other nodes must verify that a particular node, let’s call it A, has actually verified and validated the transaction, and there is no hampering of any kind, this verification of transaction done by multiple nodes is known as distributed ledgers.

This literally makes the security of the entire blockchain network ironclad because consistent versions of these transactions already exist on multiple computers and nodes of the network, so if a hacker is to get into the system and undermine its integrity, then they would have to gain control over all these systems that are widely spread across multiple geographical locations.

Only when they have control of either all of them or more than 51% of these nodes, the hacker would be able to tweak the transaction or corrupt the data however they like, but that is highly improbable and pretty much next to impossible.

This is what makes the Bitcoin blockchain fairly transparent and less prone to corruption. Another added benefit of this distributed approach is that now the data is being stored across multiple blocks or nodes of the network, it is highly unlikely for the whole blockchain to fail because of a single point of error.

This means that even if a few or a lot of validating nodes go kaput or facing technical issues presently, it will not have any effect on the performance of the network as it would continue to perform without any interruptions or lack of processing power.

If a few or a lot of validating nodes fail because of some unknown or perceived error, then other nodes present on the same blockchain would come to their aid and would act as a backup which will continue supporting the system and validating the transactions around the clock.

When all of the pertaining nodes within a network have verified that a transaction has genuinely occurred, is legit, and doesn’t propose any errors or misinterpretations of any kind, they reach a consensus, and when a consensus for a dedicated transaction has been reached a block is created right there on the chain.

This block contains information for that particular transaction, such as when the transaction took place; what was the volume of the transaction, but other private information such as the people who are engaged in the transaction, their personal or financial information, and the number of tokens which were transacted is completely redacted, other than that everything is available for public access.

This amazing ability of the blockchain network to continue working even in the face of multiple nodes failing on it ensures that the users are receiving the best possible service on a financial medium that will see it through that the transactions are perceived and validated and also recorded in a timely fashion without any added interruptions of any kind.

Future of Decentralized Applications

There are other wider applications for distributed apps other than being used in blockchain technology, as it is providing its services for the real-time distribution of data across multiple global channels.

It definitely lends an esteemed sense of security to the blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies that are being secured through this particular method; other than that, there are some other real-time applications for distributed apps, but due to poor adoption of this technology, it has not yet become streamlined, there is a consistent rivalry that exists between centralized and decentralized spaces.

Both of these elements are completely different from each other in every possible approach, whereas centralized elements enjoy a more centrally positioned infrastructure where people have consistent roles that control each and every aspect of that particular infrastructure, thus leaving little room for transparency or other associated attributes.

On the other hand, the decentralized world is completely transparent and doesn’t have a personalized team to take care of its legal or otherwise operational related aspects; each and every decision is made individually by the stakeholders, people who are working as node validators, and the users who are at the end of the day using that particular system.

Distributed apps have not seen a lot of entanglement with the decentralized world yet; people are still using conventional apps which they can download from their own particular mobile phones. Having been developed and controlled from a centralized cloud computing server, leaving no interception of privacy or security to the very data of the people or any users who are using those applications.

Distributed apps could be more of a help or a revolution if put elegantly because this way, three aspects of the user experience will be handed back to the user themselves, such as their privacy, their data, and last but not least, whatever it is they wish to share with the rest of the world and whatever they might not be comfortable with, thus only having that particular item in their own possession while being masked from the eyes of the world.

Decentralized Social Media

Think of the possibilities this way; decentralized apps would be able to change the game of social media for good. The decentralized social media will allow people to take control of each and everything rather than being controlled by corporate greed or becoming ventriloquist dolls of capitalism. This is something that might not happen right away or would take place sometime in the future but let’s be assured of the fact that distributed apps are the answer to the privacy-oriented problems of the modern digital world.

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